Infertility is defined as a couple’s inability to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse. Infertility is perceived as a social problem in our country, with various medical manifestations. Infertility affects 15% of couples worldwide or one in six couples globally. Currently, the number of infertile couples stands at 60-80 million, and the number is increasing every year.
In India, as many as 20% of couples seek treatment for this disorder. Medical reasons for the failure to conceive could be present in either of the partners. In our country, problems of infertility are observed in 35-40% of men, and an equal percentage of women, while, both partners face the problem in 20-30% of cases. However, advances in medical science have made it possible for infertile couples to experience the joys of parenthood. Since the birth of Louise Brown on 25th July 1978, over 3 million test tube babies have been born, lighting up their parents’ lives.
Infertility affects one in six couple. There are about 60-80 million infertile couples world wide and the rate is increasing. Some patients spontaneously achieve pregnancy but others at some stage experience difficulty in achieving conception and these patients need some kind of assistance in getting pregnant. There is about 3-5% probability of achieving pregnancy in one menstrual cycle this is called Fecundability, fecundity is the probability that a single cycle will result in a live birth. It is estimated that out 100 couple with female partner's age less than 35 years, approx 80-85% will achieve pregnancy within the first year of unprotected intercourse, 90% will conceive within 18 months and about 95% will conceive within two years. The remaining 5% rarely achieve pregnancy without some form of assistance