obstetricians and gynaecology

Obstetrics and Gynecology are two medical specialities dealing with female reproductive health. There has been a myriad changes and development over the years and that is why often, the two specialities are combinedly performed and the different practitioners are trained together. That is why more than often they are treated as a single speciality.

Obstetrics deals with the care of a pregnant mother and her unborn child, during the period of pregnancy and during childbirth. It also deals with the prenatal care of the fetus and postnatal care of the mother, to see if she is recovering properly. Gynecology is the umbrella term used for dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of any disorder or diseases related to the female sexual organs. This branch encompasses the organs of the uterus, ovaries, cervix and vagina.

Different procedures performed by an obstetrician and gynaecologist An obstetrician also deals with the problems that may arise during childbirth, namely:

  • External Cephalic Version- Medical terminology for turning a baby around inside the womb of the mother to face the right direction.
  • Caesarian- When vaginal delivery is not a considerable option, an obstetrician surgically delivers the child.
  • Cervical cerclage- This procedure is related to strengthening a woman’s cervix, to prevent miscarriages.
  • Gynecology deals with both medicinal and surgical ways of treating a condition or disease of the female reproductive organ. Gynecologists can also perform the following procedures

  • Hysterectomy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Cone Biopsies (removal of precancerous cells in the cervix)
  • A gynecologic oncologist is a specialized obstetrician or gynaecologist who deals with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of different cancers of a woman’s reproductive system. They treat cancers of the uterus, ovaries, endometrium, cervix and vagina.

    When should I consult a gynaecologist? You may consult a gynaecologist if you have–

  • Unusual vaginal bleeding
  • Pain in the pelvic area
  • Irregular menstruation
  • Or, any lump or unusual growth that can be felt or seen.
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